It is folded into a triangular shape and placed on the top of the head. Social Stratification Classes and Castes. On the top of Ghutra or Shumag, doubled black rope-like cord called igal is worn in order to hold ghutra in place. In , the sheikh swore an oath with Muhammad Al Saud, the emir of ad-Diriyah, that they would collaborate to establish a state Urban houses in Al-Balad Medina, Jeddah.
It is made of wool or camel hair. Earlier Saudis used to wear bisht for travelling and use it as a blanket at night. The headgear of Saudi Arabia covers the head from hot sun. It consists of 3 parts: The end of a ghutra can be draped across the face to protect it from sandstorms. It consists of a long dress, an outer cloak called "abaya", and a scarf called "shayla". Saudi women always cover their body, sometimes they leave only face and wrists uncovered, and some women leave only eyes and wrists.
Abaya is always black. It is made from silk or synthetic material. It is worn over a dress which can be either traditional, or of modern style. Traditional dress is usually bright and embellished with coins, sequins, patterns on fabric and other decorative elements. But Saudi women often use Western style dresses of various designs, only abaya should be worn on top. Saudi Arabian women wearing the traditional costumes.
Saudi women also wear scarves called "shayla". A scarf covers the head and hair of the woman. Sometimes they cover faces with a scarf as well. Some women also use veils to cover eyes or the whole face.
Custom Qamis scrutinizes the Saudi male dress code, from the Qamis to the Shemagh , without forgetting the Bisht. The Saudi Qamis , also called Thawb or Thobe , refers to that white long sleeved dress. It truly represents the centerpiece of the Saudi traditional dress and is therefore worn by all the locals. Made of cotton and synthetic fabric, Thawbs are generally white during summer and spring.
In winter, they are to be found in darker black and blue shades. Since Saudi Arabia is a region with an arid climate, the Qamis constitutes the ideal clothing as it offers as much comfort as freshness to the one wearing it.
The Saudi Thawb differs from the Qamis of neighboring countries in some fine details. The collar of the Saudi Qamis contains two buttons while its sleeves are as tight as those of a regular shirt. These sleeves are devoid of buttons but have holes for cufflinks. It is a very popular garment both in Saudi Arabia and the surrounding Arab countries. Fashionable and classy, the Bisht is only worn during special occasions like weddings or religious holidays. It is also the garb the imam wears on Friday sermons.
The Saudi coat may be beige, black, brown, gray or cream. It is decorated with golden embroidery and closes by means of two strings with golden tassels. In winter, people wear a Bisht made of camel-hair wool to endure the low season temperatures. The Saudi headgear is intrinsic to men. Men of the Western Region usually wear long sirwal.
It is a white cotton hat which is worn directly over the hair. Wearing the taqiyah keeps the Ghutrah or Shumagh form slipping off the head. There are different styles of Kufeya, some are perforated and some are knitted.
In some countries like Egypt and Sudan, men wear Taqiyah without anything on the top. This kind of Kufeya comes in different colors. Ghutra is a square shaped cotton fabric. It is folded diagonally to form a triangular shape. When it is worn, Gutrah is also folded from the front. Men wear gutrah on the top of Kufeya. Some men wear ghutra directly over the head without any Taqiya.
The typical color of Gutrah is white. Shumagh Shumagh is the same as Ghutra. It is folded into a triangular shape and placed on the top of the head.
The difference between shumagh and ghutra is that shumagh is embroidered with white and red threads. On the top of Ghutra or Shumag, doubled black rope-like cord called igal is worn in order to hold ghutra in place. Igal is generally made of tightly woven black goat-hair and sheep's wool. Igal should not wrap around the forehead as kufeya do. Imma It is another style of headdress which is worn by Hijazi townsmen men from the western region.
It is a long or large textile which is folded many times around the head. Mishlah is a traditional cloak worn by men on the top of the thawb. In special occasions like wedding, the groom wears bisht over the thawb. Mishlah comes in many colors like black, brown, gray, and cream color. Bishts are trimmed with beautiful golden embroidery. It comes with a standard or a free size that can be adjusted. When wearing the Mishlah, the right side of the bisht is tucked under the left arm.
Madas is the traditional sandals worn by men.
Traditional clothing of Saudi Arabia. Men in white, women in black
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia includes a variety of costumes because of its large area. As the Kingdom is consisted of 13 administrative regions, in almost each region there is a special traditional costume which is derived form from its area. Traditional dress in Saudi Arabia covers the entire body except for the face and hands. Saudis prefer to wear traditional costumes as opposed to Western-style clothing. Men and boys wear an ankle-length shirt called a thwab. Thwabs are manufactured from light-colored . The Saudi Qamis, also called Thawb or Thobe, refers to that white long sleeved dress. It truly represents the centerpiece of the Saudi traditional dress and is therefore worn by all the locals. It truly represents the centerpiece of the Saudi traditional dress and is therefore worn by all the locals.